Emanuele Forte

1. Pipan M., Baradello L., Forte E., Prizzon A. and Finetti I., 1999, "2-D and 3-D processing and interpretation of multi-fold Ground Penetrating Radar data: a case history from an archaeological site", Journal of Applied Geophysics, Vol. 41, 2-3, 271-292.

Paper # 1 describes the prominent enhancement of the subsurface images obtained by means of multi-fold techniques, compared with the relatively poor quality of the conventional single-fold GPR sections, and demonstrates that multi-fold methods are well suited for the application to high resolution studies in archaeology.


2. Forte E., Pipan M., Casabianca D., Di Cuia R. and Riva A., 2012, "Imaging and characterization of a carbonate hydrocarbon reservoir analogue using GPR attributes", Journal of Applied Geophysics, 81, 76-87.

Paper # 2 shows how to apply seismic attributes techniques on 2-D and 3-D multi-frequency GPR dataset. The test site is a limestone quarry, analogous to a specific set of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The main objective was to image the vertical and lateral lithological variations, the network of stratigraphic joints and fractures and to characterize the rock mass based on the radar response. Semi-automatic horizon mapping techniques as well as Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis are also tested and critically evaluated.


3. Forte E., Dossi M., Colucci R. R. and Pipan M., 2013, "A new fast methodology to estimate the density of frozen materials by means of common offset GPR data", Journal of Applied Geophysics, 99, 135-145.

Paper # 3 proposes a new methodology to estimate the density of frozen media (snow, firn and ice) using common offset GPR data. The technique is based on the inversion of reflection amplitudes to calculate the series of reflection coefficients used to estimate the dielectric permittivity of each layer. Tests on both synthetic and real data are reported and critically discussed.


4. Ercoli M., Pauselli C., Frigeri A., Forte E., Federico C., 2014, "3-D GPR data analysis for high resolution imaging of shallow subsurface faults: the Mt. Vettore case study (Central Apennines, Italy)", Geophysics Journal International, 1-13.

Paper # 4 provides an example of 3-D subsurface imaging of an active shallow fault. The interpretation of the 3-D data set allow to obtain qualitative and quantitative geological information in addition to the fault location, like its geometry, boundaries, an estimation of the fault throw and several details of the stratigraphic sequence.


5. Forte E., Dossi M., Pipan M. and Colucci R.R., 2014, "Velocity estimation from Common Offset GPR data inversion: theory and application to synthetic and real data", Geophysics Journal International, 197, 1471-1483.

Paper # 5 describes a technique to estimate the electromagnetic (EM) velocity using common offset ground penetrating radar (GPR) data based on the inversion of reflection amplitudes to compute the series of reflection coefficients used to estimate the velocity in each interpreted layer.


6. Colucci, R. R., Forte, E., Boccali, C., Dossi, M., Lanza, L., Pipan, M. and Guglielmin, M., 2014, "Evaluation of internal structure, volume and mass balance of glacial bodies by integrated LiDAR and GPR surveys: the case study of Canin Eastern Glacieret (Julian Alps, Italy)", Surveys in Geophysics, 11/2014, DOI: 10.1007/s10712-014-9311-1.


Paper # 6 reports an integrated methodology to image the internal structure, evaluate the volume and estimate the densities of different units within ice bodies, useful for more precise mass estimation of glaciers. The procedure is based on light detection and ranging (LiDAR) and ground penetrating radar (GPR) common offset data.